AI (artificial intelligence) – the most interesting and intellectual word. AI technology introduces many revolutionary technologies nowadays. Artificial Intelligence can bring the revolution in transformative technology. As we all know, AI is basically, the intelligence demonstrated by machines. Sound weird right? But we all use this on an everyday basis, through our smartphones or games. AI is a very interesting technology for all of us. Many tech giants invest lots of money in this technology. AI has been using to develop numerous fields like healthcare, electronic trading platforms, remote sensing, robotics, etc. AI brings a revolution in education and transportation. ITU takes an initiative to use AI for employing in several institutions to tackle social and economic challenges. Researches of At Stanford are using AI to analyze satellite images. Through this process, they can identify which area has the highest poverty level and help them accordingly.

 Agricultural robots, Predictive Analytics, crop, and soil monitoring- have made the whole system of agriculture much more advanced. But as the ethics of technology, there is also certain ethics of artificial intelligence. There is also another term called robot ethics, which refer to the morality of how human design, construct, use, and treat robotics for their benefits and harm. AI can take the health care industry at another level. Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence conveys that the application of AI in surgery can bring revolution but diverge concerning ethical understanding. Doctors and surgeons are facing moral and ethical dilemmas. AI applications in surgery largely confined to the machine performing tasks that entirely controlled by doctors and surgeons. Also, AI can be used in a clinical decision support system too. In all these cases the whole responsibilities are on the human being. The designer of the AI system or machine must be equally responsible as doctors and surgeons who use this.

 In the case of the surgical system, AI makes predictions from large data sets including the data. This goes against the privacy-preserving policy. For example, The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, which is also an important division of National Health Service based on London, UK, provided Alphabet’s Deepmind with data on 1.6 million patients without their consent. Legislation of state. Privacy is an obligatory portion of compliance management in the legislations of state, local, and federal levels. Now you can think that there is no proper legislation for the authorization to maintain privacy. Health Insurance Probability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)convey that health companies have to seek authorization before disclosing any individual’s health information. Also, General Privacy Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)is trying to give greater control on personal data collection and use of the consumers. But these all jurisdictions and legislations are limited and incomplete. There are certain loopholes in these jurisdictions that companies can violate it.

HIPPA only focuses on health care data patient’s records, but it is not applicable for outside sources like life insurance companies or Mediclaim. GDPR only mandates the right to inform and appear to lack language stating well-conveyed safety valves against AI in decision making. Training data bias, which is a quality and characteristic of data used to design the AI system can drastically affect risk stratification before surgery. Inaccurate assessment of AI-based machines may cause by the depreciation of demography. Contextual bias is also there and that occurred when an algorithm is employed outside of the context of its training. But there is a certain way to diminish the existing problems and biases. Including humans in the loop of examine new data and ensuring variance in data by incorporating sensitivity to overfitting on training data, can reduce the existing bias. But like other technologies, AI is a double-edged sword. This technology has positive and negative implications too. If it falls into the wrong hand, it would definitely bring disasters.

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