While it may be too early to know exactly how 5G will benefit edge computing, the technology will have some sort of impact on consumers and businesses. The growth of edge computing and 5G are mutually dependent. In order for 5G to provide accelerated network speeds, it requires on low-latency and high interconnection that can be delivered through edge computing.
The evolution of 5G networks will affect more than smartphone speeds. While the ability to stream and download files on your mobile device faster will be convenient, it is only a fraction of the potential 5G has in advancing technology. By providing the ability to process large quantities of small data points in a short period of time, 5G is likely to significantly impact sectors such as transport, autonomous vehicles, smart cities, and the Internet of Things (IoT). In these fields, applications that currently use large sets of data and information are likely to benefit from the ability to send the desired information in almost real-time.
Benefits to Utilizing Edge Computing with 5G
By 2025, up to 20% of data might be processed in real-time. The combination of 5G and edge computing will bring consumers and organizations improved data processing, local caching and sharing of computing power, energy efficiency at both network and device level, resilience and security, and optimal work allocation.
- Edge computing allows 5G networks to function at the needed reduced network latency for real-time operations. Together, they can enhance augmented and virtual reality for events, video and speech analytics, video security monitoring, and more.
- 5G combines edge computing into wireless networks with open source initiatives and standards to distribute data across the network, from radio access and transport to new core-enabling capabilities such as network slicing.
- Edge computing applies artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning technologies to enhance data management across networks.
5G and Edge Security
Edge computing will play a critical role in changing the security of the network. The faster connections and increased interconnection that come with 5G also mean improved connections for cyber criminals.
An executive mentions that The security then needs to be deployed in a different way. And whether it’s deployed in the car itself, in the application, the IoT devices—it’ll be security deployed in the edge compute.
Getting Ready for Edge Computing and 5G
Prepare your organization for the advancement of edge computing integration. Designed to train your entire team to support edge computing, IEEE Introduction to Edge Computing is an online five-course program. The on-demand courses included in this program are:
- Overview of Edge Computing
- Practical Applications of Edge Computing
- Research Challenges in Edge Computing
- Designing Security Solutions for Edge, Cloud, and IoT
- Tools and Software for Edge Computing Applications
While many of us see AR and VR technologies mainly used for gaming, in reality, many industry verticals are looking at these technologies as game changers. The 5G networks and their highly capable radio network infrastructure, high performance distributed 5G core networks and edge computing are ready to deliver the AR and VR experience wirelessly across industries. We foresee VR and AR use cases growing exponentially across several industry verticals enabled by 5G networks.
Enabling AR/VR experiences with 5G and edge compute
As we have been touching upon, the new immersive experiences enabled with AR and VR will transform the way we consume and interact with content, both from a consumer perspective and from an industrial perspective.
However, creating AR and VR experiences does not come without technical challenges. Combining and synchronizing the real world and the motions of the user with a digital world requires a massive amount of graphical rendering processes. Because the graphics require heavy rendering, on-device processes are augmented by splitting workloads between the AR/VR device and the edge cloud. Graphics rendering on the edge cloud augment latency-sensitive on-device head tracking, controller tracking, hand tracking and motion tracking to photon processing. This concept is called split rendering. But when the rendering is done in the cloud, and not on a mobile device. You also need a fast and reliable 5G connection to deliver the final experience to the user.
Both AR and VR use cases require stringent network requirements such as low latency, high reliability and high bandwidth. Ericsson has optimized its 5G core and radio infrastructure to offer an unmatched high-quality end-user VR experience.
5G business models
5G will empower the telecom industry to develop new business models and use cases. Creating additional value to customers and new revenue streams for telecom operators. In addition to consumer and personal communication services, 5G will enable many services to businesses and various industries. A recent Ericsson report identified the 5G business potential, particularly addressing the industrial segment, to be around USD 700 billion. That’s a 35 percent increase compared to the traditional consumer market. But, consumers will also see new services coming their way, within areas such as. Immersive media, cloud gaming and live event experiences, which will also contribute to new business for the operators.
Not only will 5G enhance the current mobile broadband capabilities significantly. But it will also help support new business models such as fixed wireless access. (FWA), private networks, and network slicing over public networks. These business models could be adapted to meet the requirements of various industries, addressing criteria such as low latency. (manufacturing and financial services), wide area coverage (automotive) and cost-efficiency (massive IoT).
In a broader sense, 5G will play a significant role in enabling the fourth industrial revolution. Where the boundaries between digital and physical worlds blurring.